Victoria 3 Nation Formation: How It Works

Victoria 3 Nation Formation: How It Works
Images via Paradox

Written by 

Tarran Stockton


28th Oct 2022 12:08

The Victoria 3 nation formation feature is vital for players looking to expand their territory by bringing states or other countries with shared cultural heritage into theirs. Victoria 3 is less of a map painting game than the other Paradox titles, with a bigger focus on building tall and home affairs, but you still have options for diplomacy and expansion. So if you want to know how Victoria 3 nation formation works, along with the nations that can be formed, we've got you covered. 

  • We also have a breakdown of the Victoria 3 Debug Mode, which lets you enable console commands, allowing you to cheat when forming a nation if you desire. 

Victoria 3 Nation Formation: How It Works

Victoria 3 Nation Formation culture screen
Click to enlarge

When you begin a game of Victoria 3, not all the countries that exist are the ones you may be familiar with in today's world. Some of them no longer exist anymore (like Prussia or Bavaria), and some of them have been taken over by other nations (for example, Prussia and Bavaria are now in modern Germany). This means as you progress through the game and meet certain conditions, some countries can form other nations by combining land. 

To check if there are any formable nations for your specific country, select the 'Cultures' button on the left menu, and then look under the 'Nation Formation' tab. If there are potential nations that you can form, they will be listed here, along with the number of states needed to form them. Hovering over the button of the nation will also highlight the borders. Some countries don't have the ability to do this at all, some have one choice, and others have multiple nation choices - it all depends on where you are in the world. 


There are two types of nation formation in Victoria 3: minor and major. Minor unification is the simpler of the two, and requires you to take control of potential state regions by conquering or subjugating them until they become part of a formable nation. If you meet the requirements (which can be seen by hovering over the 'Form Nation' button) the states can be added to your nation by pressing the 'Form Nation' button. 

Victoria 3 Nation Formation states
Click to enlarge

Major unification is a bit different and is only available for a few specific nations. Firstly, you will need to unlock the Nationalism technology (and in some cases Pan-nationalism) which will make your current nation a Unification Candidate. You will also need to reach the rank of a Major Power, but there can only be three candidates for a formable nation at a given time. Non-candidate nations can support a candidate of their choosing, which also counts their lands toward the candidate's state requirements. 

When there are other candidates, you will have access to the National Leadership and Unification Play diplomatic plays. The former one will allow you to challenge the other candidates to force them to give up their claims, while the latter is available when you're the only candidate left, allowing you to start the process of creating the new nation. 

Victoria 3 Formable Nations List 

Our table below covers all of the potentially formable nations in Victoria 3, along with the cultures that are part of the requirements when forming the nation. 

Formable Nation Cultures Required
America Dixie, Yankee
Aotearoa Maori
Arabia Bedouin, Mashriqi, Misri, Yemenite
Australia Australian
Baluchistan Baluchi
Brazil Brazilian
Byzantium Greek
Canada Anglo-Canadian, Franco-Canadian
Central America Central American
China Han, Manchu
Colombia North Andean
Confederate States of America Dixie, Yankee
Costa Rica Central American
Czechoslovakia Czech, Slovak
Danubian State Czech, Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene
El Salvador Central American
England English
Ethiopia Amhara, Oromo, Tigray
France French
Free States of America Yankee
Germany North German, South German
Gran Columbia North Andean
Great Britain English, Scottish
Guatemala Central American
Hindustan Avadhi, Bengali, Kannada, Sindhi
Honduras Central American
Iberia Basque, Catalan, Galician, Portuguese, Spanish
India Assamese, Avadhi, Baluchi, Bengali, Bihari, Gujarati, Kanauji, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Pashtun, Rajput, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu
Indonesia Balinese, Batak, Bornean, Dayak, Javan, Malay, Moluccan, Sumatran
Ireland Irish
Italy North Italian, South Italian
Laos Lao
Mali Bambara, Fulbe
Mexico Mexican
Nicaragua Central American 
North German Federation North German
Poland Polish
Poland-Lithuania Polish, Lithuanian
Prussia North German
Romania Romanian
Russia Russian
Scandinavia  Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
South Africa  Boer, English
South German Federation South German
Spain Spanish
Sweden Swedish
Turkestan Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Turkmen, Uighur, Uzbek
United Baltic Provinces Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
West Indies Afro-Caribbean
Yemen Bedouin, Yemenite
Yugoslavia Bosniak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Zimbabwe Nguni, Shona


That's all for our coverage of the Victoria 3 nation formation mechanic, and now you know how the nation formation process works, along with the list of potential nations. 

Our list of the best countries to play in Victoria 3 also covers some formable nations like Arabia and America. 

Tarran Stockton
About the author
Tarran Stockton
Tarran is a Senior Guides Writer at GGRecon. He previously wrote reviews for his college newspaper before studying Media and Communication at university. His favourite genres include role-playing games, strategy games, and boomer shooters - along with anything indie. You can also find him in the pit at local hardcore shows.
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