Pokemon type chart: All strengths & weaknesses for Scarlet, Violet & Pokemon GO

Pokemon type chart: All strengths & weaknesses for Scarlet, Violet & Pokemon GO
Images via Niantic | The Pokemon Company

Written by 

Michael Christopher


11th May 2023 14:20


Type matchups have always been a central part of the Pokemon franchise, with a 'mon's varying strengths and weaknesses being the crucial overall element of mastering gameplay as you work to become the very best.

Knowing the series' best type matchups in the likes of Pokemon Go, Scarlet & Violet, or Sword & Shield can help you to have an edge over your opponent in a rock-paper-scissors-style fashion to get a super-effective bonus damage in battle. So, let's get into the Pokemon type chart that shows all of the matchups you need to know about.

Fuecoco, Quaxly and Sprigatito in Scarlet & Violet
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How many types are there in Pokemon?

There are 18 different Pokemon types throughout the franchise's many games, each having its own particular resistances and vulnerabilities. In alphabetical order, these types are:

  • Bug
  • Dark
  • Dragon
  • Electric
  • Fairy
  • Fighting
  • Fire
  • Flying
  • Ghost
  • Grass
  • Ground
  • Ice
  • Normal
  • Psychic
  • Poison
  • Rock
  • Steel
  • Water

All Pokemon type chart matchups

Screenshot showing the 18 Pokemon types alongside their weaknesses and strengths
Click to enlarge

The above chart showcases each Pokemon type in the central row, with those weaknesses which are super effective against it in turn and its own particular strengths placed above and below the central row. The direction of the arrows indicates the direction of said super effectiveness.

  • For example, take a look at the Water-type symbol in the central row (fourth from the left). Water-type Pokemon will take extra damage from Electric or Grass-type attacks. Water will, in turn, do extra damage to Fire or Rock-types.

Every Pokemon type on the chart is good against another type, with the exception of Normal, which doesn't deal super-effective damage against anything, and Dragon, which is only super-effective against itself. 

An important thing to note is that these matchups are all single type to single type. Many Pokemon have two types, meaning that these matchups can change.

For example, Gardevoir is a dual Psychic/Fairy-type. Psychic is weak to Dark, but Fairy resists Dark, meaning Gardevoir will take a normal amount of damage from Dark-type moves. Dual-typing can also provide "double" weakness and "double" resistance - or even triple resistance in some cases.

How to calculate type weaknesses & resistances in Pokemon GO

Pikachu in the Pokemon anime with a dazed look on its face
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In Pokemon GO, weaknesses and resistances are calculated through a percentage increase or decrease, and it's a bit harder to do than in the main series. This is because it's not a strict doubling or halving like the main games. 

When a move hits its target, its damage is calculated based on the type matchup. Here are the percentages that damage is multiplied by under different circumstances: 

Condition Multiplier Example
Single weakness to move type 200% A Fire-type move hits a Grass-type
Double weakness to move type 400% A Fire-type move hits a Grass/Ice-type
Resistance to move type 50% A Fire-type move hits a Water-type
Double resistance to move type 25% A Fire-type move hits a Water/Rock-type
Immunity to move type 0% A Ground-type move hits a Flying-type
Resistant and weak to move type 100% A Bug-type move hits a Grass/Flying-type attack

It's not an exact mathematical translation, but when calculating damage dealt on the fly, it can be easy to think of it in terms of points. Let's say a single weakness is +1 point, resistance is -1 point, and immunity is -2 points. With the help of the Pokemon type chart, a matchup can be calculated very roughly but quickly. 

If a Fire-type move hits a Grass-type, that's +1, since it's a single weakness. If the target was an Abomasnow, who is a dual Grass/Ice type, that's +2, since it has, essentially, two weaknesses to the Fire-type. It'll take "double" damage from Fire-type moves. Again, it's not strictly double, but for all intents and purposes, it's close enough for quick calculation. 

What is the Same-Type Attack Bonus (STAB) in Pokemon?

Screenshot of Charizard from the Pokemon anime breathing fire
Click to enlarge

Unfortunately, one metric is left out of this equation that we have to discuss to see the whole picture: Pokemon's Same-Type Attack Bonus, a boost to damage if the move used is the same type as the user.

For example, if a Fairy-type Pokemon uses a Fairy-type move, that move will do more damage than if another type were to use it. 

  • The STAB in Pokemon works out to a 20% increase to the move used, meaning it'll multiply the damage by 120%. This is part of the overall equation, so be sure to keep it in mind when doing a rough calculation of a type matchup. 

STAB is often why you'll see that some Pokemon are considered not competitively viable, or why you will sometimes see people say "if [Pokemon] had access to [move], it'd be way better!"

Pokemon are much better when using a move of the same type, so when a Pokemon doesn't have access to a STAB move, it'll often fall behind in competitive rankings. This isn't always a detriment, though. Some Pokemon are so powerful or capable that the STAB calculation is irrelevant.

Perhaps the best example of this is Mewtwo, who is ranked as one of the best Ice-type attackers in the game. It's capable of learning Ice Beam, but isn't an Ice-type itself. However, it's powerful enough that it can exceed the ability of some Ice-type Pokemon that benefit from STAB. 

That's everything you need to know from our Pokemon type chart explainer, covering their strengths and weaknesses. For more advice on the latest Pokemon games, find out how to catch Ditto and its current disguises in Pokemon Go. Better yet, find out everything we know about when Pokemon HOME will support Scarlet & Violet.

For even more Pokemon guides, you can be sure to find them right here at GGRecon. 

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